About Clara



Arthritis is the inflammation of joints. The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis, a degenerative disease caused by wearing out of joints, overuse of particular joints, or increased burden on joints due to chronically overweight conditions. In osteoarthritis, the wearing out of cartilage, which normally eases friction between bones, eventually leads to the swelling of joints. Osteoarthritis typically affects knees, hip joints, small joints, and other joints with prior injury. Early symptoms include fatigue after walking, sores and pains after climbing up the stairs, and noises produced during joint movements. Should the damaged cartilage not receive proper treatments and be continually exposed to excessive friction, swelling and even hydrarthrosis could occur.

Arthritis patients require the following nutrients:

1. Calcium - used in the generation of joints; its functions include the maintenance of bone health and the prevention of muscle cramps.
The following are some situations in which the body’s absorption of Calcium is hampered:

  • Overconsumption of protein and the drinking of three or more cups of coffee or tea daily.
  • Overconsumption of Sodium, which leads to excessive loss of Calcium through urination; note that salty foods are generally high in sodium.
  • Overconsumption of foods containing oxalic acid, such as spinach, soya beans, coffee, tea, cola, and chocolate. Oxalic acid combines with Calcium to form Calcium Oxalate, hindering bodily absorption of Calcium.

2. Vitamin B6, B12 and Folic Acid- Vitamin B12 facilitates circulation and the delivery of nutrients to joint tissues. Vitamin C aids the formation of cartilage and bodily absorption of Calcium, and Zinc aids the healing of joints. In addition, patients with arthritis require extra Copper and Magnesium.

3. Studies have shown that a majority of osteoarthritis patients is deficient in Vitamin D. Vitamin D facilitates the body’s absorption of Calcium. It can be acquired through sun exposure and consumption of foods rich in it, such as cod liver oil, saltwater fish, and dairy products fortified with Vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency can be determined through a blood test. A Vitamin D level of 32 units and above is considered normal, while a level lower than 30 units is considered deficient, in which case the taking of Vitamin D supplements is suggested. According to the updated RDA (Recommended Daily Allowance), people of ages 50 to 70 are recommended a daily intake of 1000 units of Vitamin D, and people whose levels of Vitamin D are low are recommended a daily intake of 2000 units. People who are severely deficient in Vitamin D may be recommended an intake of 50000 units once per week for several weeks or even for several months; in this case, a subsequent blood test will be ordered to determine if the patient’s level of Vitamin D has been restored to normal. If so, according to other circumstances, the patient may then be prescribed Vitamin D supplements of the lowest dosage.

4. Because Vitamin D poisoning caused by overdose is uncommon, deficiency in Vitamin D is found more commonly than overdose in the elderly who live in North America.

5. Increased consumption of Vitamin E and fish oil can ease joint pains.

6. Two supplements are commonly used in patients with arthritis:

    MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) - typically found in vegetables, meat and poultry, eggs and milk. The human body processes MSM into enzymes, which aid the production of collagen and cartilage. However, it is difficult to acquire the necessary dosage of MSM in a normal diet, which is why MSM is frequently prescribed as a supplement. The use of MSM supplements can reduce joint swelling, joint pains, and facilitate the healing of wounds.

    Glucosamine - the main component of collagen. It can stimulate the body’s production of collagen, making it an important component in osteoarthritis treatments.


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