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Constipation

Constipation is the condition of having three or fewer bowel movements per week. However, it is important to note that, for some people, it is normal not to defecate every day, but every two days or three. Symptoms of constipation include sudden changes in defecation pattern, infrequent or painful defecation, and bowel movements that are firm, dry, made up of small pellets, and difficult to pass.

Constipation is a common problem; it affects people of all ages, especially the elderly, since as they get older, their bowel movement (peristalsis) is weakened. It occurs more frequently in female than in male, especially because the changes in hormone levels in pregnant women affect intestinal performance. People in an unfamiliar environment may also be affected by constipation.

Chronic constipation may lead to hemorrhoid. Common causes include ignoring the urge for defecation, lack of fiber in diet, insufficient fluid intake, chronic use of laxatives, a lack of physical activities, use of Iron and Calcium supplements, and chronic stress.

The following are some ways to prevent constipation:

  1. Eat unpeeled fruits and fresh vegetables
  2. Develop a regular defecation habit and do not ignore the urge for defecation
  3. Drink eight glasses of water every day to prevent dryness in bowel movements
  4. Exercise regularly; climbing the stairs and riding the bicycle are helpful exercises that aid bowel movement to prevent constipation
  5. Relax and manage stress properly
  6. Take fiber supplements
  7. Take yogurt containing probiotics, as it benefits the digestion system and aids defecation

In addition, foods like oatmeal, aloe, black glutinous rice, dried beans, corn, banana, brown rice and sweet potatoes can facilitate defecation.

 
     

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